The Turks and Caicos Islands are located 575 miles (925 km) southeast of Miami, Florida, roughly midway between the Bahamas and the Dominican Republic. The country is an archipelago of eight major islands and many small cays, and is located in the tropical Atlantic Ocean.
A common misconception is that the Turks and Caicos is part of the Caribbean. This is technically not true, as our country is considered to be part of the Lucayan Archipelago along with the Bahamian island chain, adjacent to the north of the Caribbean.
The Turks and Caicos Islands consist of two groups, the Turks Islands, which includes Grand Turk, Salt Cay, and a few small cays, and the Caicos Islands, which consists of the main tourism island of Providenciales, North Caicos, Middle Caicos, South Caicos, East Caicos and West Caicos, in addition to many smaller islands and cays.
There are around 100 named islands and cays in the Turks and Caicos.
The total land mass in the country is about 166 square miles (430 sq km). Most of the resorts, infrastructure, and about 70% of the nation’s population are found on Providenciales. Grand Turk supports the second greatest population at 17%, and is home to the capital city of Cockburn Town.
Both of our island groups are situated on extensive underwater plateaus, which are divided by the Columbus Passage, a 5000 foot (1500m) deep rift. The ocean water depth on the surface of the plateaus is quite shallow, often less than thirty feet deep (9m).
The Turks and Caicos welcomes flights from over twenty major cities, and all scheduled flights land at the Providenciales International Airport (PLS). Many of our populated islands have airports or airstrips.
There are no international passenger ferry services to the country.
Transport between our islands largely takes place on small domestic flights and passenger ferries. There are no car ferry vessels. North Caicos and Middle Caicos are the only islands connected by a driveable causeway.