The Turks and Caicos Islands are located 575 miles (925 km) southeast of Miami, Florida, roughly midway between the Bahamas and the Dominican Republic. The country is an archipelago of eight major islands located in the Atlantic Ocean.
The islands consist of two groups, the Caicos Islands and the Turks Islands, with a total land area of 166 square miles. Providenciales is the main tourist island, where 70% of the population reside. The second most populated island is Grand Turk (home to the capital Cockburn Town), with 17%. Including the many uninhabited and tiny cays and rocks, there are around 100 named islands and cays in the Turks and Caicos.