kayak on the calm and shallow waters of Bottle Creek lagoon near North Caicos Kayaking is an excellent way to get to many of the remote cays.
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Turks and Caicos Outdoor Wilderness and Historical Adventures

Editor's Comments
This activity is definitely not for everyone, but if you can put up with mosquitoes and the intense sun, you may see features that very few others have the opportunity to experience.
5 star rating for Outdoor Wilderness and Historical Adventures by Visit Turks and Caicos Islands
person standing in a flank margin coastal cave on an uninhabited island in the Turks and Caicos
Cave on an uninhabited Caicos Cay. This feature is a flank margin cave that was over-printed by the action of the ocean.

The Turks and Caicos is an amazing destination for outdoor adventuring and exploring. Although a relatively small country, historical and nature sites abound, many of which are found on secluded coasts or deep in the dense interior brush lands.

Get off the beaten path and discover the uncharted beauty that awaits!

Historical Sites

doorway of a remote Loyalist ruin in the Turks and Caicos
Loyalist plantation hidden in the wilds of Middle Caicos.

The recorded history of the Turks and Caicos is relatively brief, yet includes several fascinating epochs.

An aborigine people known as the Tainos are the first known inhabitants of these islands, and are thought to have settled in what is now the Turks and Caicos around the year 700AD, after having migrated up through the Caribbean chain. Very little evidence remains of these aboriginal people other than a very few cave pictograms and low rock mounds.

The vast majority of historical sites still standing are either from the sea salt industry, which began in the early 1600s, or are agricultural ruins from the Loyalist migrations after the American Revolution, circa late 1700s. Dozens of elaborate cotton plantations from this period once covered the Caicos Islands, and countless sites remain forgotten in the thick tropical dry forests. The best preserved of these plantations is Wade's Green Plantation on North Caicos.

The Victorian era largely saw a crop transition to sisal, a fibrous agave that was used to produce rope. The forgotten Yankee Town on West Caicos is a beautiful and fascinating site to experience these plantings.

The large central islands in the country also supported the rather unique albeit temporary industry of cave bat guano mining, which exported a fertilizer substance regionally.

Features of a relatively modern lineage can also be found, including the abandoned US NAVFAC 104 and LORAN installations.

Caves and Karst Features

donkey skeleton in a remote Karst limestone cave on East Caicos
Donkey skeleton in an East Caicos cave.

The Karst geological process of dissolution has definitely left its mark on the islands. Caves, sinkholes, blue holes and solution features can be found throughout the country, but are especially apparent on the Caicos Islands.

Dry cave systems, the majority of which are flank margin caves, are typically of the most interest.

Middle Caicos has two dry systems that are open for tourism, Conch Bar Caves and the less-extensive Indian Cave. However, nearly all other Karst sites remain difficult to find and access.


hiking on the soft limestone coastal cliffs at the Highlands in South Caicos
Exploring the Highlands of South Caicos.

For those who simply want to enjoy the beautiful outdoors, the country’s remote and wild coastlines offer an amazing hiking setting. The central islands of Providenciales, Middle Caicos, East Caicos and South Caicos offer varied and spectacular environments to explore.

The nature reserves and national parks in the Turks and Caicos haven’t largely yet been developed for tourism, so paths, facilities and information centers are non-existent. Due to these reasons, you’ll likely want to travel with a guide.


Due to the difficulty in accessing many of the uninhabited islands and cays in the Turks and Caicos, it often makes sense to plan for an overnight adventure.

Although camping can be a fun and rewarding experience, mosquitoes, errant weather conditions, and the difficulty in locating features of interest can put a damper on the adventure. We highly recommend camping with a knowledgeable tour business.

Jeep Wrangler tour on Providneciales near Chalk Sound National Park
Exploring the remote west side of Providenciales via upfitted Jeep Wranglers.

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