North Caicos and Middle Caicos are connected by a
causeway and collectively make up the majority of the land mass in the Turks and Caicos, with a total area of around 100 square miles (259 square km). However, the twin islands are only home to 4.7% of the country's population (1648 persons according to the 2012 Census).
Before the causeway was built, the historical
Crossing Place Trail was the primary route that joined Middle Caicos and North Caicos.
Both islands have several small settlements, with the largest of these being
Bottle Creek on North Caicos, and
Conch Bar on Middle Caicos.
Although North Caicos and Middle Caicos are large, road navigation is quite linear and simple. From
Sandy Point Marina on North Caicos (where the
ferry lands), the natural progression of the main road leads through all of the main settlements on both islands and ultimately ends at
Lorimers, a remote and tiny village on the east of Middle Caicos.
The entire south sides of both islands consist of low elevation wetlands, and remain undeveloped. Much of this area is a protected
Ramsar conservation site.
Many of the roads throughout the two islands are surfaced and in good condition. Some roads, such as the route to distant
Cedar Point on Middle Caicos, are rough unpaved tracks.
Areas and Districts of North Caicos and Middle Caicos