North Caicos and Middle Caicos are connected by a causeway and collectively make up the majority of the land mass in the Turks and Caicos, with a total area of around 100 square miles (259 square km). However, the twin islands are only home to 4.7% of the country's population (1648 persons according to the 2012 Census).
Before the causeway was built and the ferry operated, the historical Crossing Place Trail was the primary route that joined Middle Caicos and North Caicos.
Both islands have several small settlements, with the largest of these being Bottle Creek on North Caicos, and Conch Bar on Middle Caicos.
Although North Caicos and Middle Caicos are large, road navigation is quite linear and simple. From Sandy Point Marina on North Caicos (where the ferry lands), the natural progression of the main road leads through all of the main settlements on both islands and ultimately ends at Lorimers, a remote and tiny village on the east of Middle Caicos.
Aerial view of Mudjin Harbour and Dragon Cay on Middle Caicos.
The entire south sides of both islands consist of low elevation wetlands, and remain undeveloped. Much of this area is a protected Ramsar conservation site.
Many of the roads throughout the two islands are surfaced and in good condition. Some roads, such as the route to distant Cedar Point on Middle Caicos, are rough unpaved tracks. Typically, there's a strong contrast between the two. The paved roads are generally decent, and many unpaved roads have craters, loose rocks, and overbearing vegetation. The rough tracks, however, can be a lot of fun to explore by 4x4.
As is the case with many of the islands in the Turks and Caicos, there are many beautiful and secluded beaches to discover!
Areas and Districts of North Caicos and Middle Caicos