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The Turks and Caicos Supreme Court in Grand Turk at sunset.

Courts and Law of the Turks and Caicos Islands

Disclaimer: Visit Turks and Caicos Islands® does not provide legal services, legal advice, or tax advice and this information is provided for general information purposes only, without any guarantee as to the accuracy, validity, or suitability of this information for any purpose whatsoever. Visit Turks and Caicos Islands® and/or its editors and contributors provide no warranty or guarantee and cannot be held liable for the use or application of this information in any way.

Legal System

Supreme Court of the Turks and Caicos Islands, Grand Turk.

The Turks and Caicos Islands is a British Overseas Territory and the legal system is based on English common law. Bahamian and Jamaican law influences are found in the local legislation.

European Convention on Human Rights

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) applies in a limited scope in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Primarily, protocols 6 and 13 (regarding the death penalty) are the only applicable sections.

Court System

Magistrates’ Courts are located on Providenciales and Grand Turk. Appeals from Magistrates’ Courts are sent to the Supreme Court (located on Grand Turk). The Supreme Court exercises a jurisdiction similar to the High Court in England, in which a single judge presides. Cases which are beyond the Magistrate's Court, such as serious criminal cases and higher civil cases, have first instance in the Supreme Court.

Appeals from the Supreme Court are heard in the Court of Appeal, which is held twice a year. Final appeals are heard in the Privy Council (in England).

Laws and Ordinances

The laws of the country are not available in local libraries. Limited viewing can be done at the Attorney General’s Chambers, but you are generally expected to purchase any copy of the law you are interested in.

There is no official source of the laws online. Other websites do provide copies, although it should be noted that this is against Crown Copyright and may not include the most recent amendments.

Copies of the law can be purchased from the Attoney General’s Chambers on Providenciales. Prices start at approximately $75 for each ordinance.